Health Promotion

Health Promotion: the "Active School" campaign.

 

The "Active School" campaign was started as long ago as 1989 and has emphases for each of three age groups "Healthy & Happy" in elementary schools, "Fit & Sharp" in Secondary I and "Actively Together" in Secondary II.

"Healthy & Happy"

"Gesund & Munter" : These measures seek to interrupt sedentary learning with activity breaks.
Information booklets, class posters and a Happy Families game encourage physical activity. The theme of the material is correct sitting posture, suitable school furniture, school bags, break organisation etc.
At the foundation of this programme for the first four school years secondary campaigns were started in the various regional authorities with the aim of giving more scope in the school day in teaching and in physical education to physical activity and activity experience and to pay particular attention to the pursuit of healthy activities in general.

Each class was supported by a specifically trained senior teacher who for a period of approximately four weeks visited the school and together with the class teacher planned the activity programme and offered practical examples. The senior teacher team met twice in the year with participating class teachers on coordinating courses.

Information booklets, class posters and a Happy Families game encourage physical activity. The theme of the material is correct sitting posture, suitable school furniture, school bags, break organisation etc.
At the foundation of this programme for the first four school years secondary campaigns were started in the various regional authorities with the aim of giving more scope in the school day in teaching and in physical education to physical activity and activity experience and to pay particular attention to the pursuit of healthy activities in general.
Each class was supported by a specifically trained senior teacher who for a period of approximately four weeks visited the school and together with the class teacher planned the activity programme and offered practical examples. The senior teacher team met twice in the year with participating class teachers on coordinating courses.

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"Fit & Smart"

"Klug & Fit" as the most important website. The goal of this campaign is for individual school years to judge pupils posture and competitive motor aptitude through motor and muscle function tests conducted with the assistance of school doctors. This determination of physical competition capability should serve as a foundation:

  • for the organisation and differentiation of teaching and practice in class
  • for advice and actions of all school partners (e.g. increase in training hours in independent areas),
  • for advice and motivation for individual pupils and parents on how deficits caused by targeted training can be caught up.

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"Healthy & Active"

From year 9 it is especially important that pupils still be stimulated at school to take part in sports of all types. To be fair to the differing interests of young people, organisations must be made available to them through which offers of physical activity can be taken up outside school and beyond school time.
Cooperation must therefore be established between each school and those organisations which offer sport in the area.

All measures must be pursued in this context therefore with sports organisations from outside schools. The Austrian federal sports organisation links three umbrella associations (ASKO, ASVO, Sports Union) and coordinates the work of more than 50 individual federations.
Amongst the tasks of the federal sport organisation is also to be found the improvement of conditions of popular sport: cooperation is therefore particularly important.

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Development of health promotional organisation in schools

Alongside upmarket concepts of "health-promoting schools" and health-promotion campaigns ("action schools", anti-drug days...) it is a matter for schools themselves as "chronic sickness risk factors" (WHO) which should be reorganised in regard to the promotion of healthy living.

Thus we will strive for the implementation of a healthy lifestyle for the whole school population through a health promoting environment.

New concepts of health promotion always come up against existing lifestyles and social systems. This health promotion considers "behavioural constraints" and strives to change the environment within which human beings interact.

The central directing themes of the concept of the health-promoting school are, the internal organisation, the improvement of the quality of school life and the opening of the school organisation to the outside world. Physical education projects endeavour to broaden pupils health awareness and self-reliance and to lock them in to a health-promotional lifestyle.

The concept of the health-promoting school presents a significant broadening of the traditional forms of school health education and needs to be developed further in individual schools.

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